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L e o n a r d o A r t

«LEONARDO DA VINCI»

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 Leonardo da Vinci

  ffbaa5c89915e290121f9882b1caa012.jpgLeonardo da Vinci (1452, Vinci, Florence, Italy – May 2, 1519, Cloux, France), Italian High Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, scientist and inventor whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. His Last Supper (1497) and Mona Lisa (1506) are among the most widely popular and influential paintings of the Renaissance. His notebooks reveal a spirit of scientific inquiry and a mechanical inventiveness that were centuries ahead of his time.

Leonardo da Vinci was an amazing painter. His paintings contained incredible detail, which made them seem almost real. This detail included things like various shadow effects and textures which gave the works lifelike appearances. Although Leonardo produced a relatively small number of paintings, many of which remained unfinished, he was nevertheless an extraordinarily innovative and influential artist.

Leonardo’s stylistic innovations are most apparent in The Last Supper, in which he represented a traditional theme in an entirely new way. Instead of showing the 12 apostles as individual figures, he grouped them in dynamic compositional units of three, framing the figure of Christ, who is isolated in the center of the picture.

The Mona Lisa, Leonardo’s most famous work, is as well known for its mastery of technical innovations as for the mysteriousness of its legendary smiling subject. This work is a consummate example of two techniques – sfumato and chiaroscuro – of which Leonardo was one of the first great masters. Sfumato is characterized by subtle, almost infinitesimal transitions between color areas, creating a delicately atmospheric haze or smoky effect. Chiaroscuro is the technique of modeling and defining forms through contrasts of light and shadow.

Leonardo was among the first to introduce atmospheric perspective into his landscape backgrounds, an especially notable characteristic of his paintings. The chief masters of the High Renaissance in Florence, including Raphael, all learned from Leonardo; he completely transformed the school of Milan.

Leonardo da Vinci was a man of both worlds. He was a master of both of art and science.

As a scientist Leonardo towered above all his contemporaries. Leonardo actually anticipated many discoveries of modern times. In anatomy he studied the circulation of the blood and the action of the eye. He made discoveries in meteorology and geology, learned the effect of the moon on the tides, foreshadowed modern conceptions of continent formation, and surmised the nature of fossil shells. He was among the originators of the science of hydraulics. He invented a large number of ingenious machines, many potentially useful.

The Mona Lisa is often described as the most famous piece in art history. Guinness Book of Records lists the Mona Lisa as the highest insurance value for a painting in history. Most of the world’s most famous paintings are owned by museums, who very rarely sell them once acquired. As such, they are quite literally priceless. If for some reason paintings like the Mona Lisa were to become available, it is highly likely that they would sell for values like one billion ($ 1.000.000.000,00) US dollars and above.

Actually Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci is priceless and will never be sold, even at higher rates. It’s on a permanent exhibition in Museum of Louvre in France.

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